Execution Cancellation

  1. Cooperative Cancellation
  2. Cooperative Interruption
  3. Propagating Cancellations
  4. Interruption Support
  5. Limitations

Failsafe supports cancellation and optional interruption of executions, which can be triggered manually or by Timeout policies.

Synchronous executions can be manually cancelled or interrupted through a Call:

Call<Connection> call = Failsafe.with(retryPolicy).newCall(this::connect);
scheduler.schedule(() -> call.cancel(false), 10, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
Connection connection = call.execute();

Async executions can be cancelled or interrupted through the resulting Future:

CompletableFuture<Connection> future = Failsafe.with(retryPolicy).getAsync(this::connect);

Cancellation will cause any execution retries and timeout attempts to stop. Interruption will cause the execution thread’s interrupt flag to be set.

Cooperative Cancellation

Executions can cooperate with a cancellation by checking ExecutionContext.isCancelled():

Failsafe.with(timeout).getAsync(ctx -> {
  while (!ctx.isCancelled())

Cooperative Interruption

Execution interruption will cause certain blocking calls to unblock and may throw InterruptedException within your execution.

Non-blocking executions can cooperate with interruption by periodically checking Thread.isInterrupted():

Failsafe.with(timeout).getAsync(()-> {
  while (!Thread.isInterrupted())

Propagating Cancellations

Execution cancellations can be propagated to other code via an onCancel callback, allowing you to wrap other code that supports cancellation:

Failsafe.with(retryPolicy).getAsync(ctx -> {
  Request request = performRequest();

Interruption Support

Failsafe adds interruption support for any ForkJoinPool that is configured as an executor, including the common ForkJoinPool which is used by default. This means asynchronous tasks which are not normally interruptable outside of Failsafe can become interruptable when using Failsafe.


Since the async integration methods involve external threads, which Failsafe has no knowledge of, these executions cannot be directly cancelled or interrupted by Failsafe. These executions can still cooperate with cancellation as described above, though they cannot cooperate with interruption.